The retina is the delicate nerve tissue that lines the back of the eye. As we age, and sometimes due to medical conditions such as diabetes, the retina can develop complications that severely affect your sight.

Diabetic Retinopathy

This disease can be detected by viewing the retina with instruments that illuminate and magnify the eye’s structures. If Diabetic Retinopathy is found, a series of photographs are taken as a dye travels through the retinal vessels.

Treatment of the disease depends on the location and degree of damage to the retina. If retinopathy occurs in the peripheral retina, careful monitoring of the condition may be all that is necessary. When retinopathy affects the macula and central vision, laser treatments may be required.

Early detection and management of the disease are key. Getting a comprehensive eye exam each year is the best protection against the progression of Diabetic Retinopathy. Even when no symptoms are noticed, a diabetic patient should have frequent eye examinations, as their doctor recommends.

Retinal Tear

A retinal tear is a severe condition and requires immediate attention. It occurs when the retina partially detaches from the back wall of the eye.

Typically found in people aged 40 and over, a retinal tear is exhibited by unusual flashes of light and black spots (or lines) in the field of vision. Surgery is required to treat tears and is typically performed by special lasers.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration, also known as Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD), is typically a natural result of the aging process. However, it often causes blurriness and reduces our ability to perform detailed tasks.

Fortunately, there are several therapies and medications that we can administer to manage and slow this type of vision loss and, in some cases, even improve sight. Quite often, low-vision aids are used by patients to magnify areas for easier reading and to complete other detailed tasks. While most patients suffer from Dry AMD, a few can develop leakage of blood vessels around the retina, known as Wet AMD, and that requires its unique treatment.

For Wet AMD patients, we’ve found Eylea treatments work well. Working with you to determine which treatment is best, we’ll inject medication into the eye to stabilize or even improve your vision in some instances. So you can keep up with your daily activities.